Illinois Congresswoman Bustos Votes for Presidential Election Reform Act
Congresswoman Cheri Bustos (IL-17) voted to pass the Presidential Election Reform Act – a bipartisan bill to reform the Electoral Count Act to protect the rule of law and ensure Congress counts the votes as required by the Constitution.
“The right to vote in a free and fair election is the foundation of our democracy. Our laws must ensure this sacred right is never undermined,” said Congresswoman Bustos. “Today, I voted to protect our democracy from any attempt to overturn a Presidential election. We must always ensure a peaceful transfer of power and uphold the will of the American people.”
The Presidential Election Reform Act will reform the Electoral Count Act to ensure that Congress counts the votes as required by the Constitution, including by ensuring that Congress receives a single accurate electoral certificate from each state, requiring that states select electors in accordance with state law existing as of the date of the election, providing a federal judicial remedy in the event that a state governor refuses to certify the lawful result of a presidential election, and in other ways. The reforms do not benefit either political party.
The Presidential Election Reform Act enacts clear, comprehensive counting rules that make the following important reforms:
- Reaffirms that the Vice President’s role at the count is ministerial;
- Raises the objection threshold to one-third of each house (up from a single Member of each house);
- Lists the explicit Constitutional grounds upon which Members may object to a state’s electoral votes.
The Presidential Election Reform Act (PERA) sets a deadline by which governors must transmit their states’ electoral appointments to Congress. If a governor fails to do so, or if he or she transmits inaccurate certificates of appointment, PERA authorizes candidates to obtain a federal court order requiring the governor to transmit the states’ lawful certificate. If the governor refuses, then the court shall order another appropriate state official to issue the lawful certificate. The governor’s certificate (or the certificate of the other state official, as the case may be) shall be conclusive for Congress’ purposes at the electoral count.
The Presidential Election Reform Act requires states to conduct presidential elections under state laws as they exist prior to Election Day, which will clarify that there is no legal authority allowing state legislatures to “take back” their electoral appointment power after the election if they do not like the results.
The Presidential Election Reform Act amends the Electoral Count Act’s “failed elections” provision to ensure that a state’s presidential election can only be extended if a federal judge agrees that the state has experienced a genuine catastrophic event affecting enough ballots to swing the outcome of the state’s election.
The Equal Protection and Due Process clauses of the United States Constitution prohibit election officials from willfully refusing to count ballots or certify elections in accordance with state election laws that exist on Election Day. The Presidential Election Reform Act allows presidential candidates to seek federal injunctive relief against election officials to enforce these constitutional requirements in presidential elections if necessary.